Separation of Powers
We promote thorough separation of power between legislative, executive and judicial branches and a few special independent offices (Czech National Bank, Supreme Audit Office etc.). The Pirate Party promotes separation of powers in the state & local administrations, professional administrations, political parties, and public colleges. The separation of powers hampers systematic corruption and privatization of public authority.
The present system allows for a very close connection between the executive power and the legislative power. In practice, it means that the government is not judged by how well it governs but rather by the laws it proposes. The governing coalition usurps not only the executive power — control over the ministries and budget preparation according to government priorities – but also the legislative power, i.e. the law making. The parliament does not fulfill its legislative task, so it consequentially degrades to a mere rhetoric training ground, a field for lobbyists.
On the nationwide scale there are direct elections only for the parliament and for the president. The nomination of judges needs government's approval. The government itself is dependent on the coalition majority in the parliament. Therefore, the legislative, executive and judicial branches are often interconnected and their mutual supervision is not systematically secured. In the present system, ministers are typically also members of parliament, which is a direct personal interconnection.
The parliament moreover picks the members of boards that oversee media, Supreme Auditing Office, and other officials & managers who should be independent of politicians. The Pirate Party prefers the model where people directly elect not only the parliament but also the representatives of the executive power and of the independent officers. We also propose reinforcing referenda as they are a safeguard against abuse of power.
We want to carry through the separation of powers on national, regional and local scale, where people would elect the regional governor or the mayor separately from the local council. The powers of the regional governors and of the mayors will have to be adjusted so that direct election is possible. The principle of separation of powers, which includes an independent office for internal audit, should also extend to other public institutions like public colleges and political parties, which currently suffer from democratic deficit.
We will strengthen the separation of powers as a systemic element of supervision of political power (checks and balances). The attempts of one institution to interfere with citizens' freedoms will then more likely be stopped by other institutions.